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Investigating Inverter-Based Resources Impacts on the Transmission Line Protection via Hardware-in-the-loop Simulation
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  • Zheyuan Cheng ,
  • Srinidhi Narayanan ,
  • Juergen Holbach ,
  • Jeremiah Stevens ,
  • Michael Cummings ,
  • Randall Rohde ,
  • Chenyan Guo ,
  • Noe Encarnacion
Zheyuan Cheng
Quanta Technology, Quanta Technology LLC

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Srinidhi Narayanan
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Juergen Holbach
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Jeremiah Stevens
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Michael Cummings
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Randall Rohde
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Chenyan Guo
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Noe Encarnacion
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Fault responses of inverter-based resources (IBR) are primarily dictated by the control algorithms and are fundamentally different from conventional synchronous generators. Hardware-in-the-loop simulation, commonly viewed as a robust tool for protection setting prototyping and testing, is used in this paper to investigate the impact of a wind farm, with type-4 full converter wind turbines, on the protection of a 345 kV transmission line in Texas, United States. This paper discusses two critical topics in detail: (1) wind farm IBR model development and validation against vendor PSCAD model, and (2) IBR impacts on distance and current differential protection.