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DD Transmission Part I: Theory and Simulation
  • Abdullah S. Karar
Abdullah S. Karar
American University of the Middle East, American University of the Middle East

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Intensity-modulation and direct-detection (IM/DD) transmission over short-reach optical fiber links, require electronic dispersion compensation (EDC) at the transmitter and/or electronic equalization at the receiver. Recently, the iterative Gerchberg-Saxton (GS) algorithm was demonstrated for EDC in IM/DD systems, through treating the amplitude at the transmitter and the phase prior-to the direct detection receiver as a degree of freedom. In Part I of this work, three GS approaches using finite impulse response (FIR) filters for EDC in IM/DD systems are demonstrated. The first two are closely related and rely on a cascaded FIR structure, while the third offers a novel noniterative EDC solution using a single GS optimized static FIR filter. This is achieved through decoupling pattern dependent aspects of transmission from the GS iterations by targeting a single impulse at the DD receiver. With every successive iteration an impulse response for the GS filter emerges and sets the FIR tap weights. It is also demonstrated that closed-form analytical expressions for the GS filter impulse response can be obtained through small-signal frequency-domain analysis. The FIR filter is simulated using 8-bit finite-precision arithmetic. An adaptive T spaced post feed-forward equalizer (FFE) is utilized for mitigating residual chromatic dispersion. It is shown, that a T/2-spaced pre-EDC FIR filter with 417 taps can support 56 Gb/s non-return-to-zero (NRZ) on-off keying (OOK) transmission over 80 km of single mode fiber (SMF) with a chirp-free Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM). Part II of this work, presents experimental demonstration of the non-iterative GS FIR filter proposed and simulated in this article.
01 Mar 2023Published in Journal of Lightwave Technology volume 41 issue 5 on pages 1335-1345. 10.1109/JLT.2022.3220937