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Multimodal pipeline for HCP-compatible processing and registration of legacy datasets (MRI, MEG, and EEG)
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  • Ariosky Areces Gonzalez ,
  • Deirel Paz-Linares ,
  • Usama Riaz ,
  • Min Li ,
  • Ying Wang ,
  • Michael Y. Kpiebaareh ,
  • Maria L Bringas-Vega ,
  • Jorge Bosch-Bayard ,
  • Pedro Valdés-Sosa
Ariosky Areces Gonzalez
MOE Key Lab for Neuroinformation

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Deirel Paz-Linares
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Usama Riaz
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Ying Wang
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Michael Y. Kpiebaareh
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Maria L Bringas-Vega
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Jorge Bosch-Bayard
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Pedro Valdés-Sosa
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Extracting cortical features, which are the most relevant at characterizing structure and function for normal or abnormal brain conditions, would greatly benefit from multimodal neuroimage processing following the surface-based style. This style recognizes the natural definition space for such features due to the layered (surface-based) Cortex structural and functional organization. It may therefore be more sensitive and specific than the former volume-based style. The Human Connectome Project (HCP) multimodal pipelines render high-quality surface-based processing for some of the most consistently acquired neuroimaging modalities, with the quality too reliant on their precise acquisition requirements. Relevant international brain initiatives are espoused to develop an HCP-compatible neuroinformatic facility for the quality-ensured processing of international neuroimaging datasets, which may not follow the specific HCP acquisition requirements, also coined as legacy datasets. We appointed some initiatives to introduce multimodal pipelines in two HCP-compatible processing branches. a) Structural: forward- modeling with geometry (sources and head) and Lead Fields defined for legacy MEG, or EEG, in the HCP individual cortical space (Cifti) obtained from legacy MRI. Our pipeline (Ciftify-MEEG) leverages a more diverse neuroinformatic repository than the HCP structural or MEG pipelines. Ciftify-MEEG produces substantial processing illustrated here with EEG examples, incorporating alternative processing paths and corrections based on a quality control loop and upon qualitative and quantitative indicators. b) Functional: identifying spectral topographies and connectomes for the cortical oscillatory activity observed in the MEG or EEG frequency bands. We leverage a novel repository of Bayesian sparse inverse methods that target identifying the topographies and connectomes with actual statistical guarantees, the brain connectivity Variable Resolution Electromagnetic Tomographic Analysis (BC-VARETA). Our pipeline design for BC-VARETA, which we denominate Ciftify-bcVARETA, is integrated into the Ciftify- MEEG outputs and with Bayesian sparse priors structured upon Cifti space information. Ciftify-bcVARETA identification is less biased to forward models and more biased to the observations than the HCP pipeline illustrated here with topographies obtained for MEG and EEG legacy databases.