loading page

A Tutorial on the Interoperability of Self-sovereign Identities
  • +2
  • Hakan Yildiz ,
  • Axel Küpper ,
  • Dirk Thatmann ,
  • Sebastian Göndör ,
  • Patrick Herbke
Hakan Yildiz
Technische Universität Berlin

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Axel Küpper
Author Profile
Dirk Thatmann
Author Profile
Sebastian Göndör
Author Profile
Patrick Herbke
Author Profile


Self-sovereign identity is the latest digital identity paradigm that allows users, organizations, and things to manage identity in a decentralized fashion without any central authority controlling the process of issuing identities and verifying assertions. Following this paradigm, implementations have emerged in recent years, with some having different underlying technologies. These technological differences often create interoperability problems between software that interact with each other from different implementations. Although a common problem, there is no common understanding of self-sovereign identity interoperability. In the context of this tutorial, we create a definition of interoperability of self-sovereign identities to enable a common understanding. Moreover, due to the decentralized nature, interoperability of self-sovereign identities depends on multiple components, such as ones responsible for establishing trust or enabling secure communication between entities without centralized authorities. To understand those components and their dependencies, we also present a reference model that maps the required components and considerations that build up a self-sovereign identity implementation. The reference model helps address the question of how to achieve interoperability between different implementations.