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Human Activity Recognition Using Cascaded Dual Attention CNN and Bi-Directional GRU Framework
  • Hayat Ullah ,
  • Arslan Munir
Hayat Ullah
Kansas State University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Arslan Munir
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Vision-based human activity recognition has emerged as one of the essential research areas in video analytics domain. Over the last decade, numerous advanced deep learning algorithms have been introduced to recognize complex human actions from video streams. These deep learning algorithms have shown impressive performance for the human activity recognition task. However, these newly introduced methods either exclusively focus on model performance or the effectiveness of these models in terms of computational efficiency and robustness, resulting in a biased tradeoff in their proposals to deal with challenging human activity recognition problem. To overcome the limitations of contemporary deep learning models for human activity recognition, this paper presents a computationally efficient yet generic spatial-temporal cascaded framework that exploits the deep discriminative spatial and temporal features for human activity recognition. For efficient representation of human actions, we have proposed an efficient dual attentional convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture that leverages a unified channel-spatial attention mechanism to extract human-centric salient features in video frames. The dual channel-spatial attention layers together with the convolutional layers learn to be more attentive in the spatial receptive fields having objects over the number of feature maps. The extracted discriminative salient features are then forwarded to stacked bi-directional gated recurrent unit (Bi-GRU) for long-term temporal modeling and recognition of human actions using both forward and backward pass gradient learning. Extensive experiments are conducted on three publicly available human action datasets, where the obtained results verify the effectiveness of our proposed framework over the state-of-the-art methods in terms of model accuracy and inference runtime across each dataset. Experimental results show that the proposed framework attains an improvement in execution time up to 167× in terms of frames per second as compared to most of the contemporary action recognition methods.
26 Jun 2023Published in Journal of Imaging volume 9 issue 7 on pages 130. 10.3390/jimaging9070130