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Impact of additional PV weight on the energy consumption of electric vehicles with onboard PV
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  • Neel Patel ,
  • Karsten Bittkau ,
  • Bart Pieters ,
  • Evgenii Sovetkin ,
  • Kaining Ding ,
  • Angèle Reinders
Neel Patel

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Karsten Bittkau
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Bart Pieters
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Evgenii Sovetkin
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Kaining Ding
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Angèle Reinders
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Photovoltaics (PV) in onboard vehicle applications adds weight to an electric vehicle (EV), increasing the overall energy consumption. Although the added PV system weight (1.5– 40 kg) is small compared to the vehicle weight (1500–2200 kg), the power generated by PV (55–700 W) is also very small com- pared to the power needed (up to 80–285 kW) to propel an EV, making the effect of additional PV system weight on energy con- sumption a non-trivial topic to analyze. We present a method to study the impact of vehicle onboard PV weight on the energy balance of EVs for different Vehicle-added PV (VAPV) and vehi- cle-integrated PV (VIPV) configurations with eight different PV technologies, using data from vehicle onboard measurement campaigns and simulations. Simulations are carried out for the driving phase of two electric cars (medium and large passenger cars). Our method calculates the energy consumption attributa- ble to the added PV system weight (0.05–1.4 Wh/km) and PV energy yield (0.12–3.12 Wh/km) for a selection of trips. The re- sults of these simulations are expressed through a newly intro- duced parameter called “onboard PV yield factor”, where posi- tive values indicate a net energy gain and negative values indicate a net energy loss of the onboard PV system. Our results show that the onboard PV yield factor for a VAPV configuration can range between -69.1 and 86.9 %, and for a VIPV configuration, between 77.2 and 89.7 %.