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Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface-assisted Indoor Millimeter-wave Communications for Mobile Robots
  • Zhiyu Liu ,
  • Yang Liu ,
  • Xiaoli Chu
Zhiyu Liu
The University of Sheffield

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Xiaoli Chu
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Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) and millimeter-wave (mmWave) communications have been considered for providing wireless connectivity to mobile robots used in industrial plants and other indoor environments. However, the existing works have not sufficiently studied how the number and deployment locations of RISs should be optimized for serving a mobile robot. In this paper, we study RIS-assisted mmWave communications for a robot moving around fixed obstacles in an indoor industrial environment. For a fixed total number of reflecting elements, we formulate an optimization problem to minimize the transmission energy consumption of the access point (AP) while ensuring the robot’s received signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) above a threshold throughout its journey by jointly optimizing the number, positions and phase shifts of RISs and the beamforming vectors of the AP. To solve the formulated nonconvex optimization problem, we devise an iterative algorithm that decomposes it into two subproblems (i.e., optimizing the phase shifts of RISs and the beamforming vector of the AP, and optimizing the number and locations of RISs) and solves them alternately. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm converges fast and can obtain the best number and locations of RISs that lead to a transmission energy consumption of the AP much lower than the benchmark schemes.
2023Published in IEEE Internet of Things Journal on pages 1-1. 10.1109/JIOT.2023.3289772