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Identification and Severity Assessment of COVID-19 Using Lung CT Scans
  • Anand Thyagachandran ,
  • Aathira Balachandran ,
  • Hema A Murthy
Anand Thyagachandran
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Indian Institute of Technology Madras

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Aathira Balachandran
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Hema A Murthy
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The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, continues to have a significant impact on the global population. To effectively triage patients and understand the progression of the disease, a metric-based analysis of diagnostic techniques is necessary. The objective of the present study is to identify COVID-19 from chest CT scans and determine the extent of severity, defined by a severity score that indicates the volume of infection. An unsupervised preprocessing pipeline is proposed to extract relevant clinical features and utilize this information to employ a pretrained ImageNet EfficientNetB5 model to extract discriminative features. Subsequently, a shallow feed-forward neural network is trained to classify the CT scans into three classes, namely COVID-19, Community-Acquired Pneumonia, and Normal. Through various ablation studies, we find that a domain-specific preprocessing pipeline has a significant positive impact on classification accuracy. The infection segmentation mask generated from the preprocessed pipeline performs better than state-of-the-art supervised semantic segmentation models. Further, the estimated infection severity score is observed to be well correlated with radiologists' assessments. The results confirm the importance of domain-specific preprocessing for training machine learning algorithms.
2023Published in IEEE Access volume 11 on pages 124542-124555. 10.1109/ACCESS.2023.3330238