loading page

Dynamic Metasurface Reflectors Based on Coupled Resonators for Simultaneous Magnitude and Phase Control
  • +2
  • Mohamed K. Emara ,
  • Debidas Kundu ,
  • Keigan MacDonell ,
  • Leandro M. Rufail ,
  • Shulabh Gupta
Mohamed K. Emara
Author Profile
Debidas Kundu
Author Profile
Keigan MacDonell
Author Profile
Leandro M. Rufail
Author Profile
Shulabh Gupta
Carleton University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile


A novel metasurface reflector unit cell based on two coupled resonators is proposed and demonstrated for real-time reconfigurable beamforming in the X-band (8-12 GHz). The unit cell is composed of a split-ring resonator (SRR) with tunable capacitance and a dipole-ring resonator (DRR) with tunable resistance, whose collective variations allow for control over the complex reflectance at a desired frequency. To gain physical insight into its working mechanism, the proposed unit cell is modeled as a coupled Lorentz oscillator using the surface susceptibility description of the unit cell. Thereafter, a metasurface reflector based on the proposed unit cell is demonstrated in full-wave simulations to achieve various beamforming examples, such as beam-steering, side-lobe level control, beam-steering with amplitude control, and multi-beam patterns, from a single normally incident plane wave excitation. Three metasurface reflectors are fabricated to experimentally demonstrate the proposed concept; the first is based on a SRR with a varactor diode, the second is based on a DRR with a PIN diode, and the third is based on the proposed coupled SRR-DRR configuration with both varactor and PIN diodes, for simultaneous magnitude and phase control. The metasurface reflector based on the coupled resonator unit cell is experimentally demonstrated to achieve versatile beam transformations including beam-steering with amplitude control and multi-beam patterns.