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Multi-Linear Kernel Regression and Imputation in Data Manifolds
  • Duc Thien Nguyen ,
  • Konstantinos Slavakis
Duc Thien Nguyen
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Konstantinos Slavakis
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This paper introduces an efficient multi-linear non- parametric (kernel-based) approximation framework for data regression and imputation, and its application to dynamic magnetic-resonance imaging (dMRI). Data features are assumed to reside in or close to a smooth manifold embedded in a reproducing kernel Hilbert space. Landmark points are identified to describe concisely the point cloud of features by linear approximating patches which mimic the concept of tangent spaces to smooth manifolds. The multi-linear model effects dimensionality reduction, enables efficient computations, and extracts data patterns and their geometry without any training data or additional information. Numerical tests on dMRI data under severe under-sampling demonstrate remarkable improvements in efficiency and accuracy of the proposed approach over its predecessors, popular data modeling methods, as well as recent tensor-based and deep-image-prior schemes