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Compare and Contrast LiDAR and Non-LiDAR Technology in an Autonomous Vehicle: Developing a Safety Framework
  • Benjamin Quito
Benjamin Quito
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Safety has always been paramount in every vehicle we drive, and for years a driver has been synonymous with driving. However, with the advent of technology, we are now on the verge of having an Autonomous Vehicle wherein the control of the vehicle is gradually transferred to Artificial Intelligence. There is public clamour regarding the safety of such vehicles. Regarding safety, a human driver relies heavily on what the driver can see. Some factors that make driving safe are seeing the surroundings, controlling the vehicle, being able to react, and perceiving what will happen. With Autonomous Vehicles, these factors did not change. These vehicles rely on what they see using two technologies; LiDAR and Non-LiDAR. This study developed an Image Processing Model that takes input from the two technologies using Supervised Learning to make the Autonomous Vehicle see and be aware of its surroundings. The study also developed a Safety Framework measuring the ability of the two technologies to gather images fed into the Image Processing Model for comparing and contrasting. The study also proposed Experimental Research to create a baseline on the safety of an Autonomous Vehicle compared with a human driver in a controlled environment. The result of the proposed research can be a basis for trusting the Autonomous Vehicle if it performs at par with the performance of a human driver in the simulation developed in this study.
2023Published in Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology volume 13 issue 03 on pages 101-131. 10.4236/ojsst.2023.133006