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Placement of High Availability Geo-Distributed Data Centers in Emerging Economies
  • Ruiyun Liu ,
  • Weiqiang Sun ,
  • weisheng hu
Ruiyun Liu
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Weiqiang Sun
Shanghai Jiao Tong University

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weisheng hu
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The data center markets in emerging economies are being built at a furious pace. When high availability is required, as it always is in the modern digital economy, the placement of geo-distributed data centers may be influenced by factors such as technician shortage and under-developed infrastructure, both of which are typical in emerging economies. Although the data center availability subject in general has been well studied, it remains unclear how rapid and unbalanced economic development in emerging economies may affect the availability of geo-distributed data centers and their cost of ownership. In this paper, we incorporate the unbalanced availability of infrastructure and technician into the data center placement. The problem is first formulated as a mixed integer nonlinear program (MINLP).To solve this potentially large scale problem, we transform it into a QCQP, capable of handling heterogeneous workloads. The resulting problem can then be efficiently solved by off-the-shelf optimization toolboxes. With real-life data in China, we show how unbalanced development of infrastructure and technician shortage may affect the placement of data centers, and analyze the tradeoff between cost and availability. Our results indicate that technician shortage and unbalanced network infrastructure will lead to increased cost and distinct data center placement strategies.
2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing on pages 1-15. 10.1109/TCC.2023.3280983