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Vector Field Heterogeneity for the Assessment of Locally Disorganised Cardiac Electrical Propagation Wavefronts from High-density Multielectrodes
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  • Lucía Pancorbo ,
  • Samuel Ruiperez-Campillo ,
  • Álvaro Tormos ,
  • Antonio Guill ,
  • Raquel Cervigón ,
  • Antonio Alberola ,
  • Francisco Javier Chorro ,
  • Jose Millet ,
  • Francisco Castells
Lucía Pancorbo
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Samuel Ruiperez-Campillo
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Álvaro Tormos
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Antonio Guill
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Raquel Cervigón
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Antonio Alberola
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Francisco Javier Chorro
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Jose Millet
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Francisco Castells
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Abstract

High-density multielectrode catheters are becoming increasingly popular in cardiac electrophysiology for advanced characterisation of the cardiac tissue, due to their potential to identify impaired sites. These are often characterised by abnormal electrical conduction, which may cause locally disorganised propagation wavefronts. To quantify it, a novel heterogeneity parameter based on vector field analysis is proposed, utilising finite differences to measure direction changes between adjacent cliques. The proposed Vector Field Heterogeneity metric has been evaluated on a set of simulations with controlled levels of organisation in vector maps, and a variety of grid sizes. Furthermore, it has been tested on animal experimental models of isolated Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts. The proposed parameter exhibited superior capturing ability of heterogeneous propagation wavefronts compared to the classical Spatial Inhomogeneity Index, and simulations proved that the metric effectively captures gradual increments in disorganisation in propagation patterns. In particular, it provided robust and consistent results for given with 4 × 4 grid sizes, which makes it suitable for new-generation orientation-independent cardiac catheters.