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A Novel Ku-band Waveguide Phase Shifter based on Piezo-Electric Air Gap Capacitor Tuning Element
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  • Abraham Loutridis ,
  • Ioannis Vagias ,
  • Glenn Leighton ,
  • Christopher Shaw
Abraham Loutridis
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Ioannis Vagias
Cranfield University

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Glenn Leighton
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Christopher Shaw
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A tuning element with controllable air gap integrated and implemented in a rectangular Ku-band WR62 waveguide is presented. The proposed tuning element concept, consists of two, top and bottom, thin conductive parallelepiped arms, which are placed in the middle of the rectangular waveguide structure. The bottom arm is bending to control the gap width between the two arms, while the second arm is fixed. The curvature of the bending arm is controlled by a piezoelectric actuator, which affects the phase shift of the re-scattered E-field at the output port. The compact size, low-cost and the easy-to-manufacture proposed design offers considerable phase shift with very low insertion loss, given its electrical size and operational waveband. A prototype, for the distinct frequency band, has been manufactured and measured. The same prototype has been simulated in ANSYS HFSS. The numerical results will be later used to validate the actual electromechanical prototype.