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Sparse Attention Graph Convolution Network for Vehicle Trajectory Prediction
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  • Chongpu Chen ,
  • Xinbo Chen,
  • Yi Yang,
  • Peng Hang
Chongpu Chen

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Xinbo Chen
Yi Yang
Peng Hang


To facilitate intelligent vehicles in making informed decisions and plans, the precise and efficient prediction of vehicle trajectories is imperative. However, a vehicle's future trajectory is not solely determined by its own historical path; it is also influenced by neighboring vehicles (NVs). Hence, understanding the interactions between vehicles is crucial for trajectory prediction. Additionally, the computational challenges posed by long sequence time-series forecasting (LSTF) add complexity to trajectory prediction tasks. This paper introduces a novel network, named Sparse Attention Graph Convolution Network (SAGCN), designed to comprehensively consider the trajectory interaction details of multiple vehicles, optimizing the LSTF for the target vehicle (TV). Specifically, grounded in real-world driving scenarios and vehicle interaction nuances, a multi-vehicle topology graph is formulated to amalgamate the historical trajectories of the TV and the interaction trajectories of NVs. The SAGCN network employs the Graph Convolutional Network (GCN) to assimilate and analyze diverse features within the multi-vehicle topology graph, subsequently computing the future trajectory of the vehicle through a sparse attention mechanism. The proposed method is validated and evaluated using natural datasets. The results demonstrate that, in comparison to state-of-the-art methods, the SAGCN network presented attains exceptional prediction accuracy and satisfactory time efficiency when predicting the trajectories of TV in LSTF.
13 Dec 2023Submitted to TechRxiv
18 Dec 2023Published in TechRxiv