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Scattering Point Topology for Few-Shot Ship Classification in SAR Images
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  • Yipeng Zhang ,
  • Dongdong Lu ,
  • Xiaolan Qiu ,
  • Fei Li
Yipeng Zhang
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Dongdong Lu
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Xiaolan Qiu
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Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) has emerged as a critical technology for detecting and classifying objects such as ships in challenging environments. However, few-shot learning remains a challenge due to the limited availability of labeled SAR data, complex radar backscatter, and variations in imaging parameters. In this paper, we propose a novel network, Scattering Point Topology for Few-Shot Ship Classification (SPT-FSC), which addresses these challenges by incorporating scattering characteristics into the network learning process through a scattering point topology (SPT) based on scattering key points. We design a topology encoding branch (TEB) through a series of operations to encode the topological information of scattering points, resulting in a scattering point topology embedding (SPTE) that improves the network’s adaptability to the imaging mechanism and reduces imaging variability in SAR images. To effectively fuse the SPTE and image features extracted from a convolutional neural network (CNN), we introduce a novel mechanism called reciprocal feature fusion attention (RFFA). Furthermore, to address the limited diversity in the training data, we apply transfer learning methodologies and construct a fine-grained ship classification dataset by combining the OpenSARShip and FUSAR-Ship datasets. Our comprehensive experiments on these datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed SPT-FSC method, achieving high accuracy and robustness in few-shot ship classification tasks for SAR images, outperforming existing methods in this domain.