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Jaynes Machine: The universal microstructure of deep neural networks
  • Venkat Venkatasubramanian
Venkat Venkatasubramanian
Columbia University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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We present a novel theory of the microstructure of deep neural networks. Using a theoretical framework called \textit{statistical teleodynamics}, which is a conceptual synthesis of statistical thermodynamics and potential game theory, we predict that all highly connected layers of deep neural networks have a universal microstructure of connection strengths that is distributed lognormally ($LN (\mu, \sigma$)). Furthermore, under ideal conditions, the theory predicts that $\mu$ and $\sigma$ are the same for all layers in all networks. This is shown to be the result of an arbitrage equilibrium where all connections compete and contribute the same effective utility towards the minimization of the overall loss function. These surprising predictions are shown to be supported by empirical data from six large-scale deep neural networks in real life. We also discuss how these results can be exploited to reduce the amount of data, time, and computational resources needed to train large deep neural networks.