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Deep Learning Methods for Single Camera Based Clinical In-bed Movement Action Recognition
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  • Tamas Karacsony ,
  • Laszlo A. Jeni ,
  • Fernando De La Torre Frade ,
  • João Paulo Silva Cunha
Tamas Karacsony
Institute for Systems’ Engineering and Computers

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Laszlo A. Jeni
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Fernando De La Torre Frade
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João Paulo Silva Cunha
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Abstract

Many clinical applications involve in-bed patient activity monitoring, from intensive care and neuro-critical infirmary, to semiology-based epileptic seizure diagnosis support or sleep monitoring at home, which require accurate recognition of in-bed movement actions from video streams.
The major challenges of clinical application arise from the domain gap between common in-the-lab and clinical scenery (e.g. viewpoint, occlusions, out-of-domain actions), the requirement of minimally intrusive monitoring to already existing clinical practices (e.g. non-contact monitoring), and the significantly limited amount of labeled clinical action data available.
Focusing on one of the most demanding in-bed clinical scenarios - semiology-based epileptic seizure classification – this review explores the challenges of video-based clinical in-bed monitoring, reviews video-based action recognition trends, monocular 3D MoCap, and semiology-based automated seizure classification approaches. Moreover, provides a guideline to take full advantage of transfer learning for in-bed action recognition for quantified, evidence-based clinical diagnosis support.
The review suggests that an approach based on 3D MoCap and skeleton-based action recognition, strongly relying on transfer learning, could be advantageous for these clinical in-bed action recognition problems. However, these still face several challenges, such as spatio-temporal stability, occlusion handling, and robustness before realizing the full potential of this technology for routine clinical usage.