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Multi-Domain Modeling of Free-Running Harmonic Frequency Comb Formation in Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers
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  • Johannes Popp ,
  • Lukas Seitner ,
  • Felix Naunheimer ,
  • Georg Janowski ,
  • Michael Haider ,
  • Christian Jirauschek
Johannes Popp
Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Lukas Seitner
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Felix Naunheimer
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Georg Janowski
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Michael Haider
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Christian Jirauschek
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In our manuscript, we present a detailed multi-domain modeling approach for the numerical study of free-running harmonic frequency comb (HFC) formation in terahertz quantum cascade lasers (QCLs). We investigate the influence of the chosen eigenstate basis on the gain spectrum and present self-consistent simulation results of stable HFC operation in a double metal terahertz QCL.
In our simulations, the studied QCL gain medium shows self-starting harmonic mode-locking for different bias and waveguide configurations, resulting in a mode spacing of up to eight times the cavity round trip frequency. Furthermore, we characterize the spectral time evolution of the coherent HFC formation process, yielding the spontaneous build-up of a dense multimode state which is gradually transferred into a broad and clear HFC state.