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Novel KLD-based Resource Allocation for Integrated Sensing and Communication
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  • Yousef Kloob ,
  • Mohammad Ahmad Al-Jarrah ,
  • Emad Alsusa ,
  • Christos Masouros
Yousef Kloob
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Mohammad Ahmad Al-Jarrah
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Emad Alsusa
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Christos Masouros
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In this paper, we introduce a novel resource allocation approach for integrated sensing-communication (ISAC) using the Kullbackâ\euro“Leibler divergence (KLD) metric. Specifically, we consider a base-station with limited power and antenna resources serving a number of communication users and detecting multiple targets simultaneously. First, we analyze the KLD for two possible antenna deployments, which are the separated and shared deployments, then use the results to optimize the resources of the base-station through minimising the average KLD for the network while satisfying a minimum predefined KLD requirement for each user equipment (UE) and target. To this end, the optimisation is formulated and presented as a mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem and then solved using two approaches. In the first approach, we employ a genetic algorithm, which offers remarkable performance but demands substantial computational resources; and in the second approach, we propose a rounding-based interior-point method (RIPM) that provides a more computationally-efficient alternative solution at a negligible performance loss. The results demonstrate that the KLD metric can be an effective means for optimising ISAC networks, and that both optimisation solutions presented offer superior performance compared to uniform power and antenna allocation.Â