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Experimental Implementation of Molecule Shift Keying for Enhanced Molecular Communication
  • +3
  • Federico Cali,
  • Salvatore Barreca,
  • Giovanni Li-Destri,
  • Alberto Torrisi,
  • Antonino Licciardello,
  • Nunzio Tuccitto
Federico Cali
Salvatore Barreca
Giovanni Li-Destri
Alberto Torrisi
Antonino Licciardello
Nunzio Tuccitto

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Molecular communication is a communication paradigm inspired by biological systems, where chemical signals are used to encode and transmit information. MoSK (Molecule Shift Keying) is proposed as a modulation technique that utilizes different types of signaling molecules to encode digital information. MoSK mimics natural molecular communication by leveraging the diversity of signaling molecules and their specific roles. Experimental testbeds have been developed using mi-crofluidic systems, droplet-based platforms, and biological cells to validate MoSK. A prototype platform for MoSK implementation is presented, including a transmitter with infusion and selection valves, and a fluorescence-based receiver. The receiver detects and decodes fluorescence signals emitted by Graphene Quantum Dots (GQDs), which are water-soluble and fluorescent molecular messengers. The fluorescence signals of blue-GQDs and cyan-GQDs are acquired by the receiver, and the performance of the system is evaluated in terms of synchronization, detection threshold, and symbol recognition using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The results demonstrate the successful detection and recognition of different symbols, even at lower concentrations. PCA proves to be an efficient method for qualitative recognition of molecular messengers in MoSK-based molecular communication systems.
17 Dec 2023Submitted to TechRxiv
22 Dec 2023Published in TechRxiv