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LightGCNet: A Lightweight Geometric Constructive Neural Network for Data-Driven Soft sensors
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  • Jing Nan,
  • Yan Qin,
  • Wei Dai,
  • Chau Yuen
Jing Nan

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Yan Qin
Wei Dai
Chau Yuen


Data-driven soft sensors provide a potentially cost-effective and more accurate modeling approach to measure difficult-to-measure indices in industrial processes compared to mechanistic approaches. Artificial intelligence (AI) techniques, such as deep learning, have become a popular soft sensors modeling approach in the area of machine learning and big data. However, soft sensors models based deep learning potentially lead to complex model structures and excessive training time. In addition, industrial processes often rely on distributed control systems (DCS) characterized by resource constraints. Herein, guided by spatial geometric, a lightweight geometric constructive neural network, namely LightGCNet, is proposed, which utilizes compact angle constraint to assign the hidden parameters from dynamic intervals. At the same time, a node pool strategy and spatial geometric relationships are used to visualize and optimize the process of assigning hidden parameters, enhancing inter-pretability. In addition, the universal approximation property of LightGCNet is proved by spatial geometric analysis. Two versions algorithmic implementations of LightGCNet are presented in this article. Simulation results concerning both benchmark datasets and the ore grinding process indicate remarkable merits of LightGCNet in terms of small network size, fast learning speed, and sound generalization. Note to Practitioners-Motivated by the conflict between the high resource requirements of the traditional data-driven soft sensors models and the generally inadequate resource of DCS, this article proposes a lightweight approach that offers significant advantages in terms of small network size and fast learning speed. In this work, we visualize the black-box modeling process of data-driven soft sensors models based on knowledge of spatial geometry. Preliminary experiments suggest that this approach is feasible.
19 Dec 2023Submitted to TechRxiv
22 Dec 2023Published in TechRxiv