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A Novel OTFS-Chirp Waveform for Low-Complexity Multi-User Joint Sensing and Communication
  • Salah Eddine Zegrar,
  • Ayoub Ammar Boudjelal,
  • Hüseyin Arslan
Salah Eddine Zegrar

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Ayoub Ammar Boudjelal
Hüseyin Arslan


Joint sensing and communication (JSAC) has become increasingly popular in recent years due to spectrum scarcity, hardware limitations, power constraints, and the emergence of applications that require both communication and sensing capabilities. As such, the coexistence of both functionalities remains a challenge for current systems. Therefore, this paper proposes a novel orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS)chirp waveform. The proposed waveform exploits the sparsity of linear chirps in delay-Doppler domain to multiplex OTFS and chirp in orthogonal manner. This enables simultaneous high data rate communication and low-complexity accurate sensing simultaneously. Furthermore, we propose a multiuser JSAC scheme where multiple orthogonal chirps (OCs) are assigned to different users within the same OTFS-Chirp waveform. On top of that, a novel chirp-based channel estimation technique is proposed for OTFS systems. The proposed method leverages the sparsity of chirp in both delay-Doppler and Fresnel domains. This approach alleviates the pilot guard overhead and reduces the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) of the transmitted signal. The effectiveness of the proposed JSAC waveform is verified by the conducted numerical results that agree with the developed analysis and validate that the proposed waveform design can achieve accurate low-complexity radar parameter estimation while preserving high data rates.
17 Jan 2024Submitted to TechRxiv
26 Jan 2024Published in TechRxiv