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A Computational Study on the Activation of Neural Transmission in Deep Brain Stimulation
  • +1
  • Arash Golmohammadi,
  • Jan Philipp Payonk,
  • Ursula Van Rienen,
  • Revathi Appali
Arash Golmohammadi
Jan Philipp Payonk
Ursula Van Rienen
Revathi Appali

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Deep brain stimulation is an established treatment for neurodegenerative movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease that mitigates symptoms by overwriting pathological signals from the central nervous system to the motor system. Nearly all computational models of DBS, directly or indirectly, associate clinical improvements with the extent of fibre activation in the vicinity of the stimulating electrode. However, it is not clear how such activation modulates information transmission. Here, we use the exact cable equation for straight or curved axons and show that DBS segregates the signalling pathways into one of the three communicational modes: complete information blockage, uni-, and bi-directional transmission. Furthermore, all these modes respond to the stimulating pulse in an asynchronous but frequency-locked fashion. Asynchrony depends on the geometry of the axon, its placement and orientation, and the stimulation protocol. At the same time, the electrophysiology of the nerve determines frequency-locking. Such a trimodal response challenges the notion of activation as a binary state and studies that correlate it with the DBS outcome. Importantly, our work suggests that a mechanistic understanding of DBS action relies on distinguishing between these three modes of information transmission.
25 Jan 2024Submitted to TechRxiv
29 Jan 2024Published in TechRxiv