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Efficient Eigen-Decomposition for Low-Rank Symmetric Matrices in Graph Signal Processing: An Incremental Approach
  • +2
  • Qinwen Deng,
  • Yangwen Zhang,
  • Mo Li,
  • Songyang Zhang,
  • Zhi Ding
Qinwen Deng

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Yangwen Zhang
Mo Li
Songyang Zhang

Corresponding Author:

Zhi Ding


Graph spectral analysis has emerged as an important tool to extract underlying structures among data samples. Central to graph signal processing (GSP) and graph neural networks (GNN), graph spectrum is often derived via eigen-decomposition (ED) of graph representation (adjacency/Laplacian) matrix. Many real-world applications feature dynamic graphs whose representation matrix size varies over time. Such evolving graph usually shares part of the same structures with the previous graphs. We consider efficient ways to estimate the K dominant eigen-vectors of the graph representation matrix. We focus on an iterative ED algorithm for low-rank symmetric matrices to update the top K eigen-pairs of the representation matrix for a graph with increasing node size. To accommodate the growing graph size, we propose two Incremental ED algorithm for Low Rank symmetric matrices (ILRED) algorithms based on an iterative eigen-updating strategy. We also provide analysis on the resulting error performance, computational complexity and memory usage to showcase the efficiency of ILRED. The experimental results in both synthetic and real-world datasets with the context of spectral clustering and graph filtering validate the power of the proposed ILRED algorithms.
08 Mar 2024Submitted to TechRxiv
14 Mar 2024Published in TechRxiv