loading page

Stride Width Estimation in Individuals with and without Neurodegenerative Disease via a Novel Data-Augmentation Deep Learning Model and Minimal Wearable Inertial Sensors
  • +5
  • Hong Wang,
  • Zakir Ullah,
  • Eran Gazit,
  • Marina Brozgol,
  • Tian Tan,
  • Jeffrey M Hausdorff,
  • Peter B Shull,
  • Penina Ponger
Zakir Ullah
Eran Gazit
Marina Brozgol
Tian Tan
Jeffrey M Hausdorff
Peter B Shull

Corresponding Author:

Penina Ponger

Abstract

Stride width is vital for gait stability, postural balance control, and fall risk reduction. However, estimating stride width typically requires either grounded cameras or a full kinematic body suit of wearable inertial measurement units (IMUs), both of which are often too expensive and time-consuming for clinical application. We thus propose a novel data-augmented deep learning model for estimating stride width in individuals with and without neurodegenerative disease using a minimal set of wearable IMUs. Twelve patients with neurodegenerative, clinically diagnosed Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) performed over ground walking trials, and seventeen healthy individuals performed treadmill walking trials at various speeds and gait modifications while wearing IMUs on each shank and the pelvis. Results demonstrated stride width mean absolute errors of 3.3±0.7cm and 2.9±0.5cm for the neurodegenerative and healthy groups, respectively, which were below the minimal clinically important difference of 6.0cm. Stride width variability mean absolute errors were 1.5cm and 0.8cm for neurodegenerative and healthy groups, respectively. Data augmentation significantly improved accuracy performance in the neurodegenerative group, likely because they exhibited larger variations in walking kinematics as compared with healthy subjects. These results could enable clinically meaningful and accurate portable stride width monitoring for individuals with and without neurodegenerative disease, potentially enhancing rehabilitative training, assessment, and dynamic balance control in clinical and real-life settings.
29 May 2024Submitted to TechRxiv
05 Jun 2024Published in TechRxiv