Enforcing Local Power Conservation for Metasurface Design Using Electromagnetic Inversion

A method based on electromagnetic inversion is extended to facilitate the design of passive, lossless, and reciprocal metasurfaces. More specifically, the inversion step is modified to ensure that the field transformation satisfies local power conservation, using available knowledge of the incident field. This paper formulates a novel cost functional to apply this additional constraint, and describes the optimization procedure used to find a solution that satisfies both the user-defined field specifications and local power conservation. Lastly, the method is demonstrated with a two-dimensional (2D) example.