Blind Hyperspectral and Multispectral Image Fusion Using Coupled Non-Negative Tucker Tensor Decomposition
preprintposted on 09.02.2021, 14:42 by Marzieh Zare
Fusing a low spatial resolution hyperspectral image (HSI) with a high spatial resolution multispectral image (MSI) to produce a fused high spatio-spectal resolution one, referred to as HSI super-resolution, has recently attracted increasing research interests. In this paper, a new method based on coupled non-negative tensor decomposition (CNTD) is proposed. The proposed method uses tucker tensor factorization for low resolution hyperspectral image (LR-HSI) and high resolution multispectral image (HR-MSI) under the constraint of non-negative tensor ecomposition (NTD). The conventional non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) method essentially loses spatio-spectral joint structure information when stacking a 3D data into a matrix form. On the contrary, in NMF-based methods, the spectral, spatial, or their joint structures must be imposed from outside as a constraint to well pose the NMF problem, The proposed CNTD method blindly brings the advantage of preserving the spatio-spectral joint structure of HSIs. In this paper, the NTD is imposed on the coupled tensor of HIS and MSI straightly. Hence the intrinsic spatio-spectral joint structure of HSI can be losslessly expressed and interdependently exploited. Furthermore, multilinear interactions of different modes of the HSIs can be exactly modeled by means of the core tensor of the Tucker tensor decomposition. The proposed method is completely straight forward and easy to implement. Unlike the other state-of-the-art methods, the complexity of the proposed CNTD method is quite linear with the size of the HSI cube. Compared with the state-of-the-art methods experiments on two well-known datasets, give promising results with lower complexity order.